Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the television network and channel. For the English-language channel, see Al Jazeera English. Tv online 3 family, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.
Al Jazeera Media Network is a major global news organization, with 80 bureaus around the world. The original Al Jazeera Arabic channel’s willingness to broadcast dissenting views, for example on call-in shows, created controversies in the Arab States of the Persian Gulf. Al Jazeera Media Network is owned by the government of Qatar. In Arabic, al-ǧazīrah literally means “the island”. Upper Mesopotamia, another area of land almost entirely surrounded by water.
Al Jazeera Satellite Channel, now known as AJA, was launched on 1 November 1996 following the closure of the BBC’s Arabic language television station, a joint venture with Orbit Communications Company. Al Jazeera’s first day on the air was 1 November 1996. 12 hours by the end of 1997. Qatar, and many other Arab countries, barred private individuals from having satellite dishes until 2001. At the time of the Al Jazeera Media Network launch Arabsat was the only satellite broadcasting to the Middle East, and for the first year could only offer Al Jazeera a weak C-band transponder that needed a large satellite dish for reception. Arabsat satellite, a Saudi Arabia-based venture of 21 Arab governments, took orbit in 1985. The unfolding of Operation Desert Storm on CNN International underscored the power of live television in current events.
Al Jazeera to shock local viewers by presenting Israelis speaking Hebrew on Arab television for the first time. Al Jazeera was the only international news network to have correspondents in Iraq during the Operation Desert Fox bombing campaign in 1998. In a precursor of a pattern to follow, its exclusive video clips were highly prized by Western media. 1 January 1999 was Al Jazeera’s first day of 24-hour broadcasting. Employment had more than tripled in one year to 500 employees, and the agency had bureaus at a dozen sites as far as EU and Russia. However controversial, Al Jazeera was rapidly becoming one of the most influential news agencies in the whole region.